Dsm iv gambling addiction code
DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria: Gambling Disorder A. Persistent and recurrent problematic gambling behavior leading to clinically significant impairment or distress, as indicated by the individual exhibiting four (or more) of the following in a month period: 1. Needs to gamble with increasing amounts of money in order to achieve. DSM-IV DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA The following are the diagnostic criteria from the DSM-IV for (Pathological Gambling): A. Persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior as indicated by at least five of the following: 1. is preoccupied with gambling (e.g., preoccupied with reliving past gambling. Gambling Disorder is a behavioral addiction diagnosis introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition or DSMThis is the first formal recognition of behavioral addiction in the psychiatry text, which is considered the "gold standard" in the field of mental health.
The Age. Third, personality factors play a role, such as narcissism , risk-seeking, sensation-seeking, and impulsivity. Gambling as a form of entertainment has been part of civilization for at least years. It is possible to be dependent on a substance without experiencing the full range of symptoms necessary for addiction. Experiencing a defined psychological and physiological rush when thinking about or when gambling which produces an intense high.
Common disorders in the differential diagnosis include paraphilias, impulse disorder not otherwise specified NOS , sexual disorder NOS, bipolar affective disorder, cyclothymic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and adjustment disorder.
Infrequent disorders in the differential diagnosis consist of substance-induced anxiety disorder, substance-induced mood disorder, dissociative disorder, delusional disorder erotomania , obsessive-compulsive disorder, gender identity disorder, and delirium, dementia, or other cognitive disorder. The need for a classification of mental disorders has been clear throughout the history of medicine, but there has been little agreement on which disorders should be included and the optimal method for the organization.
The many nomenclatures that have been developed during the past two millennia have differed in their relative emphasis on phenomenology, etiology, and course as defining features DSM-IV, Introduction, p. The third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-III, represented a major advance in the diagnosis of mental disorders and greatly facilitated empirical research.
In DSM-IV, each of the mental disorders is conceptualized as a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress e. In addition, this syndrome must not be merely an expected and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. Neither deviant behavior e. When the DSM-IV categories, criteria, and textual descriptions are employed for forensic purposes, there are significant risks that diagnostic information will be misused or misunderstood.
Gambling as a form of entertainment has been part of civilization for at least years. The average age of the adult problem gamblers is between years old. We as a society are unaware of the widespread proportions this illness has grown in our own country. Many people believe compulsive gambling is self imposed from a lack of will power or a moral issue. The idea that gambling is an addictive disease like alcoholism or drug addiction is a point of controversy to many people.
The stereotypical image of an adult male, gambling in Las Vegas and losing everything at the tables has been consistently presented via movies, TV, etc. Although this scenario may be realistic in some cases, it is far from the majority of cases where compulsive gambling is involved. This serious addiction problem is not limited to males or adults, as three separate compulsive gambling research studies confirmed between An alarming majority of teens have gambled between years of age.
In a report, 4. MN Student Survey Adolescents reported their favorite choice of games range from sports betting, playing cards, to betting on games of personal skill. Winters, Stinchfield, Fulkerson, Like other addictions, compulsive gambling is cloaked in shame, denial, secrets, pre-meditation, physiological stimulation, lies, depression, mood swings, suicidal ideation, and more! This list sounds like the typical symptoms and behaviors associated with alcoholism or drug addiction.
This illness can be debilitating for the entire system from which the gambler emerges. The self deception and erratic mood swings are often confusing to everyone, including the gambling addict themselves.
This is a disease of altered perception which centers in the mind. The addicts actions of gambling can be classified as a symptom, with the underlying core issues centering around low self esteem and lacking a sense of self. The compulsive gambler is externally focused in an attempt to self medicate sub-consciously using the entire ritual of gambling, before, during, and after the experience as a medicine. Unfortunately, the extreme psychological crash after the intense high can be likened to the severe roller coaster fall experienced when the cocaine addict tumbles down after their high.
The following rules apply to casual gamblers who aren't in the trade or business of gambling. Gambling winnings are fully taxable and you must report the income on your tax return.
Gambling income includes but isn't limited to winnings from lotteries, raffles, horse races, and casinos. It includes cash winnings and the fair market value of prizes, such as cars and trips. A payer is required to issue you a Form W-2G, Certain Gambling Winnings PDF if you receive certain gambling winnings or have any gambling winnings subject to federal income tax withholding.
When you have gambling winnings, you may be required to pay an estimated tax on that additional income. For information on withholding on gambling winnings, refer to Publication , Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. You may deduct gambling losses only if you itemize your deductions on Schedule A Form or SR PDF and kept a record of your winnings and losses. The amount of losses you deduct can't be more than the amount of gambling income you reported on your return.
Claim your gambling losses up to the amount of winnings, as "Other Itemized Deductions. If you're a nonresident alien of the United States for income tax purposes and you have to file a tax return for U. Refer to Publication , U. Tax Guide for Aliens and Publication , U. Tax Treaties for more information. Generally, nonresident aliens of the United States who aren't residents of Canada can't deduct gambling losses.
To deduct your losses, you must keep an accurate diary or similar record of your gambling winnings and losses and be able to provide receipts, tickets, statements, or other records that show the amount of both your winnings and losses.